In 1978, American naval officer John collins formed a competition to test the endurance of human body in Hawai. First step is swimming on 3800 metres racecourse. Second step is mountain cycle race which will last 180 kilometres and the last part of it is the marathon running for 195 metres.
Triathlon first came to Europe in 1983 and in 1991, this sports was done for the first time in Alanya, Turkey. Alanya Triathlon and Tennis Club was the initiator of founding Turkey Triathlon Federation. International Alanya Triathlon is a part of man and women European Championship.
It consists of swimming for 1.5 kilometres, cycling for 40 kilometres and marathon race for 10 kilometres. Furthermore, there are some categories consisting of over 40 and 50 year-old men except European Championship.